VONA
What is VONA?

VONA stands for Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation. It issues reports for changes, both increases and decreases, in volcanic activities, providing a description on the nature of the unrest or eruption, potential or current hazards as well as likely outcomes. See the following link (USGS) for further details. The Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) under the Geological Agency of the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources produced VONA's reports based on analysis of data from the agency's monitoring networks as well as from direct observations. VONA's alert levels are color-coded to indicate the different types of notifications addressing specific informative needs. The reports are disseminated via email to national and international stakeholders in the aviation sector. Other interested parties can avail of them through email subscription. All notifications are publicly available online.

USGS
 

25th of November 2018, 1 year ago

2018-11-25 05:32:00 UTC Orange

Karangetang - 20181125/0532Z 

Martanto, S.T., Karangetang Volcano Observatory - 1 year ago

Eruption with volcanic ash cloud at 0514UTC (1314 local). Eruption and ash emission is continuing. Best estimate of ash-cloud top is around 7309 FT (2284 M) above sea level, may be higher than what can be observed clearly. Source of height data: ground observer. Grey ash coloured has been observed. Direction of the ash cloud cannot be determined clearly due to heavy cloud..

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2nd of February 2018, 2 years ago

2018-02-02 15:14:00 UTC Yellow

Karangetang - 20180202/1514Z 

Martanto, S.T., Karangetang Volcano Observatory - 2 years ago

Incandescent and plume observed from the top of the mountain. Height of the plume is about 600 meter above the summit. Ash emission stil continuing. Best estimate of ash-cloud top is around 0 FT (0 M) above sea level, may be higher than what can be observed clearly. Source of height data: ground observer. No eruption observed..

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VONA Color Code

Volcano is in normal, non-eruptive state, or, after a change from a higher level: Volcanic activity considered to have ceased, and volcano reverted to its normal, non-eruptive state.


Volcano is experiencing signs of elevated unrest above known background levels, or, after a change from higher level: Volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for possible renewed increase.


Volcano is exhibiting heightened unrest with increased likelihood of eruption with column height below 6000 meter above sea level.


Eruption is forecast to be imminent with significant emission of ash with column height above 6000 meter above sea level.